Start Plantain Plantation Today and Harvest Cash All Year Round


Another secret cash machine that many people tend to ignore is plantain plantation, Plantain is very easy to cultivate and maintain unlike other cash crops. And it’s a low capital requirement farming business. Almost every Nigerian soil is good for the plant as experience has shown contrary to what scientist will tell you. Therefore, if you have any land with loamy soil, you are good to go.

Plantains are a staple food in the tropical regions of the world, the tenth most important staple that feeds the world. Plantains are treated in much the same way as potatoes and with a similar neutral flavor and texture when the unripe fruit is cooked by steaming, boiling or frying.


Plantains fruit all year round, which makes the crop more reliable all-season staple food, particularly in developing countries like Nigeria with inadequate food storage, preservation and transportation technologies. In Africa, plantains and bananas provide more than 25 percent of the carbohydrate requirements for over 70 million people.

plantains, thrive in tropical regions. Warm temperatures, bright sun and adequate moisture create optimum growing environments. Tropical soils, however, are not always suitable for plantain production.

Tropical regions of the world, including the plantain producing regions of southeastern Nigeria, often exhibit soils that are nutrient poor, that’s what scientist says but experience has proved contrary as you can see. There is hardly any part of Nigeria that you wouldn’t see plantain, that means it can do well on most Nigerian soil. To cultivate a plantain plantation, you’ll need the following:-

1. Land with good soil – Loamy soils are the best producing soils because they contain a good organic to inorganic ratio. Organic materials, such as decaying plants and insects, provide soil with air, nutrients and water-retaining matter. This combination of ingredients, when combined with mineral particles, allows soil to remain loose and fertile.

In tropical rain forests part of Nigeria, organically rich soils are shallow. Plantains will thrive for one to three years but then die back because the layer of organic matter is easily depleted. To avoid depletion, it is necessary to provide soils with compost and mulch.

2. Prepare the soil – Clear the land and cut some of the trees if any, Plantain plants also grow best in bunches or groups because they protect each other from the harsh rays of the sun. It is important to create an environment where the plantain plants are sheltered either because they are bunched up together or there are other trees to protect them.

It is important to maintain the humidity of the plantain plantation by allowing some of the trees to remain for the purpose of protecting the plant from excessive sun and to enhance the humidity.

3. Get the plantain suckers – Considering that a plantain plant is not a tree but a type of herb, they cannot actually be grown from seeds like most trees. Plantain plants are grown through suckers. Suckers are those that grow from a dying, mature plantain plant that can be transplanted and re-grown. They may be considered as baby plants that are used to start new plantain plants. Choose suckers from plants that are vigorous. They should have small, spear shaped leaves and are about four feet high.

There is a corm at the bottom of each mature plantain tree. In transplanting a sucker, it is necessary to cut downwards and get as much corm and root as possible. Plant these and cut or decapitate the sucker to facilitate good evaporation. Keep around two to five meters between planted suckers. In the early days of your plant, keep them moist but not too wet as they don’t have leaves yet to evaporate the water.

4. Control the weeds – The weeds control is very important if you want your plantain to do well, the cost of weed management could account for up to. 45% of the total cost of plantain plantation management in Nigeria. Use traditional weed control of employing laborer to do the weed cutting.

As the plantain grows, it is important to protect it from strong winds. It is also important to keep it well watered. One can also sprinkle fertilizers every now and then but mostly throwing the plantain dead leaves back into the plant is enough to sustain the rich quality of the soil.

Unlike other trees, plantain do not need complicated pruning. Just remove dead leaves and dead plants near the plantain. Also remove suckers from the plant keeping only one or two that have spear shaped leaves.

If you must use a fertilizer, Use an NPK fertilizer, or a fertilizer mixed with nitrogen, potassium and phosphorous. Fertilizing the plantains once a month will stimulate growth. The fertilizer should be placed evenly in a circle that is four to eight feet from the trunk.

Within 8-10months your plantain should be ready to produce, and as one is getting matured for harvest, another one is replacing it, they continue in that circle removing any stress expenses of planting again. All you do is to harvest and reap your profits all year round. The same thing apply to Banana.

32 Comments to Start Plantain Plantation Today and Harvest Cash All Year Round

  1. thank you. I found this site very enlightening. I am actually interested in snail farming . I love snails and I think I can eat some and sell some. Otonye from portharcourt.

  2. I have over one hundred acres of land and I want to go into commercial production of plantain flour and chips, question, where do I get hybrid sucker to plant and what states or town can we outsource in large quantity to jump start our own plantain flour factory. Thank you

    • Anonymous

      are u in port-harcourtif yes I think I can help I currently have a plantain plantation of 100 plantains and 25 bananas I can link you to where I got mine

  3. Hello Darlington, I stumbled on this website and its very informative. I have about 5 Hectares of farm land in Abuja and was considering starting a Plantain plantation. But the weather here can be pretty hash, so i'm looking for guidance as to what i can plant here aside from Cassava, Maiza, Millet or Sorghum. Any pointer will be appreciated.

  4. Thank you for this website which i found quiet informative. I am based in Abuja and have a 5 Hectares of farm land (not currently in use). I had wanted to start a Plantain Plantation, but on reading about the requirements especially the weather – It can be a bit hash here.
    So now i am wondering which direction to go aside from the usual Cassava, Maiza, millet, etc. Any pointer would be appreciated.

    • Well, you need to think about it seriously and come up with the kind of crop you think will do well there.

      If you are looking for long term, you may consider Palm, Cashew, Green Peas, and other cash crops.

      If you are looking at short terms, you need to look at Vegetables (Ugu, Carrot, Okra, Green beans, Cucumber,) Cassava, Rice, Beans, Soybeans.

  5. I have 15,000 hybrid plantain suckers @ Simeon & Moses Farms, for sale @ N500 /sucker or N700/sucker to be delivered at you choice destination within Nigeria. Another 30000 will be available in 3months time. book by text psm / quantity/delivery point/ amount per sucker to 07061667090. Pls do not pay any money to any one claiming to be our rep.

  6. Nice nice nice……am seriously considering starting a plantain plantation… one and only challenge now is which type/specie is best in terms of high yield, size…..and wer to get/buy the suckers….or rather…is there any place someone can take a training course on planting plantain/other crops….. Am seriously serious abt this

  7. I leave in japan I am thinking to come back home to start plantain farming , but I need land for it

  8. Good job you are doing here.
    Pls am seriously interested pineapple plantation. Land is not my problem,I hav more than enough but how do I get the hybrid pineapple suckers.tnxs

  9. Good job you are doing here.
    Pls am seriously interested pineapple plantation. Land is not my problem,I hav more than enough but how do I get the hybrid pineapple suckers.tnxs

  10. I have a Plantain farm in Abia State presently with 380 sucker spots. I intend to build it up to 5000 spots and have the land for this increase. How can I access loan/ facility to help me meet this target.

  11. This is very useful and enlightening. I wish to start a plantation and banana plantation and i would require the intellectual knowhow in that regards. Thanks.

  12. I am in IMO state and in need of hybrid plantain suckers, please if anyone knows where i can get it let me know

  13. Joshua Ibis

    I will soon have 2101 ready to harvest plantain, i need market for my produce, am in osun state
    contact me on 08132562470

  14. Am already preparing a piece of land plantain plantation. My question is this, can plantain mature for harvest in eight months. Thanks.

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